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This region has been predominantly female since at least World War II, when many Soviet men died in battle or left the country to fight.
The French Institute for Demographic Studies or INED, is a public research institute specialized in population studies that works in partnership with the academic and research communities at national and international levels. With its research units, the Institute promotes communication and exchange within the scientific community and between researchers and the general public while conducting numerous European and international research projects.
Nearly people, including 50 tenured, or permanent, researchers and more than 40 doctoral students, work at INED; there are also 40 associate researchers. The Institute has 10 research units, a mixed research unit and 5 research support services, including the Statistical Methods and Surveys departments. These structures provide the population sciences with funding instruments to facilitate the development of ambitious scientific projects that will further increase the scientific excellence and international visibility of French research.
INED regularly s partnership agreements with a wide range of French organizations to formally establish scientific objectives and a cooperation framework. At the national level, the Institute is also strengthening its ties with higher education. One distinguishing characteristic of INED is its ability to conduct research studies that cover not just France but a large part of the world.
The international scope of the Institute may be seen in its many partnerships with institutions abroad and its active role in the world scientific community. INED is a key partner in major European demography research programs. The Institute is involved in a large of projects funded by the European Union and in the main projects of the European demographer community. INED supports international mobility for researchers, viewing it as training and cooperation that helps refresh and renew research questions and methods.
Because INED is a public organization, its staff and permanent researchers are civil servants hired on the basis of competitive examinations that range from vocational certificate to doctoral level. It also hires on a task- or limited-term contract-basis in extremely diverse areas.
INED recruits researchers, engineers and technicians by way of official competitive examinations. On this you can find the latest examination announcements, descriptions of currently available positions and information on submitting an application. Use this section to submit a speculative application for a job or internship at INED. Research at INED is organized around multidisciplinary and topic-focused teams made up of its own permanent researchers and associated researchers.
Institute research units host doctoral students and post-docs for training in and through research. Over 70 multi-annual projects are under way. For some, INED des and carries out its own surveys—one of its specificities. Collected data are then made available to the scientific community. INED is placing increasing emphasis on training in research through the practice of research.
Every year the Institute hosts PhD students from France and abroad selected on an application basis. Students work under researcher supervision and depending on their thesis topic, they one or two research teams. They are benefiting from INED work resources and its stimulating environment. INED also offers one- or two-year post-doctoral contracts to young French or foreign researchers. Recipients are selected on the basis of their competence, the quality and originality of their research project, and its relevance to INED research areas.
INED des and carries out its own surveys. The data thus collected are accessible to the entire scientific community. The Institute has its own survey office, which defines sampling methods, assists in deing questionnaires and drawing up data collection protocols, and adjusts statistical samples. It is also in charge of making anonymized data available to others.
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INED makes a vast body of resources on population available to website users, including the INED library, open to all and accessible on line; and presentations of statistical analysis and survey methods. Research relies on a wide range of statistical analysis methods to process survey data and to describe and model demographic events and phenomena on the basis of that data. Alongside classic methods such as data analysis and logistic regression, several other methods have come to the fore in the last 30 years.
Seminars on research methodology and practices in France and abroad, articles on method use, and extensive reference lists are just some of the statistics-related resources available. Each survey is specific but all surveys include a of requisite steps and phases.
Important factors to be taken into from the outset include survey protocol, sampling frame, budget, regulations, questionnaire testing, data file compilation, and quality assessment. It may assist with data production throughout the process or provide help on particular survey phases only.
Every INED survey is deed to investigate a particular research question or set of questions. Methodological choices are therefore a key phase of the research. The time required to prepare the survey, de questions, conduct and assess pilot surveys and, later, to evaluate the quality of the data collected must not be underestimated.
Recent social and medical advances implicated in contemporary bioethics issues have generated many new research topics. Several innovative research projects, surveys, and scientific articles are now contributing new knowledge on subjects such as assisted reproduction technology ARTsurrogacy, and end-of-life. As the French parliament examines a new bioethics bill, INED will be presenting a set of resources and material here that shed scientific light on several major bioethics topics. The GED comprises the collections of over 50 libraries, documentation, and archive centers, all in the service of human and social science research.
A tour of the globe to explore its population. Use this section to: - compare demographic indicators for different countries; - help prepare for a class or an oral presentation; - find simple answers to your questions; - reflect on complex issues; - learn the basics of demography; - extend your knowledge through play All about population in Figures: tables on the French and world population and access to several online databases.
The latest data on the population of metropolitan France structure and trends are given in a series of tables. More complete datasets dating back to earlier years can also be downloaded in CSV format.
INSEE includes the DOMs in its annual demographic overview and in most of the tables in its detailed annual study of the demographic situation in France. A provisional estimate is first issued and final figures are published at a later date. Censuses are conducted in certain years to enumerate the population.
The population changes from one year to the next. Natural change is the difference between births and deaths, and can be determined precisely from vital records. Net migration is the difference between the of immigrants and the of emigrants. It is estimated on the basis of available statistics.
Adjustments are sometimes made to establish overall consistency between census population figures and inter-census estimates of population change. To estimate its relative scale, population change is often expressed in relation to the mean population of a given year. Rates of birth, death, natural increase and total variation are obtained in this way. Registered births are recorded in statistical bulletins which provide a rich source of information.
Completed cohort fertility is also calculated every year. For example, women born in were 34 years old in We know how many children they have had before age 34 and we can estimate how many children they will have during their reproductive life. Fertility can be controlled by means of contraception and induced abortion.
Why women don’t apply for jobs unless they’re % qualified
Information on contraceptive practice in France is obtained through surveys conducted regularly by INED since among the entire female population. The of induced abortions is estimated on the basis of abortion notifications and hospital statistics. INED is responsible for publication of abortion statistics. Marriage registers provide a rich source of information on marriage practices: of marriages, marital status and nationality of spouses, etc.
The first task in a population census is to enumerate dwellings.
Persons living in the same dwelling form a household, so each household comprises all the persons living in a single dwelling. According to the census definitions, a household may comprise one or more families. Death registers provide a means to measure variations in mortality. Deaths by sex and age are used to construct life tables which give life expectancy at birth, i. The mortality of children under the age of one year is also specifically calculated.
When a person dies, a doctor records the cause of death on a death certificate which is sent to INSERM where all causes of death are coded. Two statistical series drawing on different sources are presented. INSEE uses annual census surveys that provide an overview of net migration and entries and departures of non-immigrants and immigrants including undocumented foreigners.
Population censuses provide an opportunity to count the of inhabitants who were born outside France. Among foreign-born inhabitants, a distinction is generally made between persons born with French nationality and immigrants, who are born with a different nationality. Inhabitants are distinguished by their nationality, i.
Why women don’t apply for jobs unless they’re % qualified
French or foreign and, among French citizens, those who were born French and those who have been naturalized. The census provides information on current nationality and nationality at birth. Foreigners and immigrants form two different. Immigrants "born abroad as a foreign national" may still be foreigners at the time of the census or may have become French.
Foreigners, for their part, may have been born abroad in which case they are immigrants or in France in which case they are not immigrants. This section provides data tables on populations, births and deaths in Europe and in developed countries.